The African Life - Span Calendar, Pledge

 
    ALSC, pledge to present information from all avenues that informs
  us about our ancient, past and present history. Showing the impact
  that our history has had on the world, from our height to our lows
  of captivity, from Africa throughout the world.
  A history that is full with wonder and amazement, We the children
  of that African genius that brought civilization to the world must
  take  hold of our ancient past and in doing this, we will strengthen
  our Knowledge of Self, and take our rightful place in today's world
  and in world history.
    This is the pledge of ALSC to all who have an interest in searching
  for the truth in African history. Hotep ( Peace)
 
       
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The ANKH - The Symbol of Life

 
  By uniting the male and female reproduction organs together in symbolism The ancient Kemetic ( Egyptian ), would create  the worlds first cross which represented, the creation of life. The cross was called an ANKH and in the ancient language of the Kemits ANKH means to pair, couple or squeeze together.  The ANKH did not only represent human life it also represented all life on the planet from the smallest fish to the largest animals. This symbol would be used in all Kemits spiritual celebrations as well as in their Hieroglyphic Writings.
  As the wisdom of Kemit faded and the western world began to tell its version of Kemitic history, Kemit would become demonized and those who knew the true history of Kemit would keep it hidden from the rest of the world. In the minds of some European the ANKH was a symbol for death not life.
There were some westerners who tried to tell the truth, about Kemits history and that the people who was responsible for this great civilization were black Africans.  One who tried was Gerald Massey a European who studied Egyptian history for about most of his adult life.  He did not succeed in his time, but today we can read his research and search through the lies and undemonize our Ancient Ancestors history and get at the truth as some of our historians have done.  Like the late Cheikh Anta Diop, George G.M. James and John Henry Clark and others, who are still with us.
   So as we come into a new millennium we should try our best to read and search for the true Kemitc story, so when you see someone wearing an ANKH
you will know it true meaning, which is life.


Written by ALSC,
African Studies Dept
 


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   Why, ALSC was created ?


 


 

The Concept of time, An African Creation
   Africa, the mother of the worlds first civilization, brought so much to the world even the concept of time. In the early beginnings of African civilizations or Ethiopian,  which the Greeks called them,  they would observe the movement of the stars and in this began to chart the heavens.  As Kush ( Nubia ) and its colony of Kemit ( Egypt ) continued to watch the movement of the heavenly bodies they would notice that the moon at certain times caused the Nile River to overflow and flood the land.  With this knowledge they would create the world's first time keeping device, The lunar ( moon ) calendar, although not mechanical, it would keep track of the moon's rotation around the earth, allowing those who lived along the Nile to have the ability to know when the river would overflow.
  Then as agriculture began to take root in the Kushite colony of Kemit. They found that the Sun had a large impact on their growing of food, giving them a certain amount of time to cultivate the land, plant the crops and Harvest the food. This would bring into existence the first solar ( sun ) calendar.  The solar year is the time it takes the earth to make a complete rotation around the sun, which is 365 days 5 hrs. 48 mins. 46 secs. or 365 1/4 days. The calendar was called a civil cal. by the Kemites, this cal. was used to keep track of the workings of the government of Kemit, its agriculture, building projects and special celebrations were fixed in time by this calendar.  The civil cal.was more accurate than the lunar cal.,( which had 354 days off about 11.1/4 days ). The 365 solar days were divided into a civil calendar of 12 months, each month having 30 days, adding 5 additional days at the end of the year.  The 12 months were then divided into 3 seasons, inundation, cultivation and harvest with 4 months in each season. Each month consisted of 3 weeks, with the weeks having 10 days. The days were then divided into 24 hours, 12 for night and 12 for the day.
In time, the Kemites  would find out that their civil calendar was not perfect because it was not in true alignment with the star of Aset ( Isis ), the star Sirius.
The star Sirius, commonly known as the dog star, is part of a double star, one being  smaller then the other and is the brightest of all stars.  The Kemites saw the star Sirius as being the true sun that our sun and solar system orbits around. This star would show up every 1,461 years on the eastern horizon of Kemit. this would be called by the Kemites, The Sothic or Astronomical New Year. To fix this problem, the Kemites would add a 1/4 day to their civil calendar, making it have 365 and 1/4 days in a year. The civil year would now mach up with the Sothic or Astronomical New year, which would take place every 1,461 or 365 1/4 years x 4, when the star of Aset would show up on Kemit's horizon. This is the reason why we have leap year every four years.
   Throughout the centuries different civilizations put their own spin on time. The Greeks for example, who were heavily influenced by the Kemitic world, would use the Kemitic or Ethiopic lunar calendar to create their own calendar.
Then around 700 AD. Rome, whose culture was influenced by the Greek and Kemitic world would develop their calendar, copying from the Greeks, this proves that the Kemitic calendar was the model for both the Greek and Roman style calendars.
As time continued the Roman Calendar would be changed many times in an attempt to make it's calculations accurate to true Astronomical time.
Then around 1500 AD. a new calendar was introduced by the Roman Pope Gregory XIII, this calendar as the Kemitic civil calendar would be in line with the Astronomical New Year. This calendar would be based on the birth of Jesus Christ and would split time into two division, BC. ( before Christ ) and AD. ( Anno Domini ) which means,
in the time of our lord. This is the calendar we use today.  This calendar by dividing time into two parts would break off African and Kemitic history from the rest of the world.  Making BC. time go backwards did not help either because this was when most of Africa's great history had taken place, and the use of Jesus Christ's birth as the first century would make it seem as if no history had ever taken place before Roman History.
After years of being against Christianity, Rome would become a Christian state. This was not done to benefit Christianity it was done to benefit Rome. This was what Rome needed to control it's empire a "Religion".


Written by ALSC,
African Studies Dept.                     Click on ( www.zodiac of egypt. ) to see the
                                                          calendar our ancient kemits ancestors used.
                                                          After viewing, click on ( back ) at top left of screen.
 
 


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  Af-rui-ka  Origins

             The name Africa which is derived from Af-rui-ka was given to the Mother

         land by the Kemites ( Egyptian ) a word that means birth place and in the
         Kemitic language is spelled Af-rui-ka.  According to Gerald Massey,
         a European who wrote and studied Af-rui-kan and Kemitic history, states in his
         writings that Af-rui-ka was the birth place of the black people and they are the
         oldest known human beings and Abyssinia ( Ethiopia ) , which Kemit ( Egypt )
         was a colony of, produced the earliest civilizations in the world and they were
         indigenous not Asian as others claimed.
         Like E.W. Budge, late keeper of Assyrian and Egyptian Antiquities at the British
         Museum, Budge also translated The Kemitic Book, Coming Forth By Day. His
         translated version was called, The Egyptian Book Of The Dead.
           The name Egypt which is derived from He-kap-tah, another ancient word
         used by the Kemites which means land of the temple of Ptah, the creative
         energies or god. He-kap-tah was than changed by the Greeks to ( Aiguptos )
         and than by the Romans  to ( Aegyptus ) and now is called Egypt.
         Af-rui-ka  the inner land which all continents of the world separated from
         was at one time part of a large super continent called  Pangaea  about 175
         million years ago. Then about  50 million years ago the super continent of
         Pangaea began to break up ( separate ) into smaller continents.
         On the continent called Af-rui-ka life began to take root from the smallest fish
         in the oceans to the largest land animals and mammals.
         About  40 million years later on the continent called Af-rui-ka the primates
         began to evolve into human beings ( a controversial thought but one that I
        believe ) and so did the ancient Kemites ( Egyptians ) because they show as one
         of their gods ( Thoth ) who happens to be a baboon, and they always show this
         baboon like god with its phallus erect, meaning that we man and woman are
         evolved off springs or descendants of a baboon, monkey like being.
            When  the people of Af-rui-ka  begin to migrate, the Af-rui-kans or
         ( Australopithecus  Afarensis) words used by the scientific community,
         wondered from one place to another looking for food, water and shelter. These
         Af-rui-kans also migrated into Asia and Europe as this mass migration continued
         the lands of Af-rui-ka, Asian and Europe became populated with humans
         from out of Af-rui-ka. The Af-rui-kan climate at one time was not like you see it
         today, the Sahara Desert was like a tropical rain forest and not as hot, so the
         Af-rui-kans did not need to be as richly pigmented, ( so I would think the first to
         populate  Af-rui-ka, Asian and Europe was of a light brown complexion ).
         Note:  this is referring to the first ever migrations of Af-rui-kans from out of
         Af-rui-ka.  As the Af-rui-kans started to settle in one area and begin to cultivate
         the land, high cultured civilizations began to develop in  Af-rui-ka such as in
         Abyssinia, Nubia and Kemit.  As these civilizations was taking root the climate of
         Af-rui-ka begin changing as the Sahara became desert from the heat of the sun
         and other areas near the Sahara begin to heat up.  So the Pineal Gland within the
         Af-rui-kan body, which gives us our completion begin to produce more melanin
         and as a result of this the Af-rui-kan became darker or black and was  able to
         survive the rays of the sun and the changing climate.
        Written by ALSC,
        African Studies Dept.         Click on ( www.pangaea. ) to see how the continents
                                                      separated  from the mother land of Af-rui-ka
                                                      After viewing click on ( back ) at top left of screen.
 
 
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                   Biographies and other Writings 
Biography of Herodotus
Taken from ALSC Calendar
   The Greek Historian Herodotus born between 490 and 480 B.C. in Asia Minor,  As
a young man traveled widely in Africa especially in the areas of Egypt and Nubia.
He called the people of these areas Ethiopians ( Burnt - Faces ) because of their dark skin, and he said other interesting things about these areas of Africa that should be known to all people especially those of African descent.  That's why ALSC Honors him with a  month in his name.  Most of his writings were challenged by some Europeans as being lies , but was he lying or was he writing, the truth .........
  Herodotus wrote in his writings that the Egyptians have existed ever since men appeared upon the earth.  As the Delta increased in time, many of them moved down into new territory and many remained where they originally were. He also said they are black because of the sun.  Another Greek Historian by the name of Diodorus who live between 80 B.C. and 20 B.C. states in his writings that the people who dwell along the Nile are black in color, have flat noses and woolly hair and are the original people of Egypt. Herodotus  also claims that the Gods of Greece are of Egyptian origins, such as the God Zeus, who was the Egyptian God Amun or Amen, Apollo - ( Heru ), Dionysue
( Ausar ) and Demeter ( Aset ) were all Egyptians.
  Herodotus also said, that the Egyptian's calculations of the seasons were better than theirs because their 12 months were of even number, 30 days and that 5 additional days were added at the end of the year and total 365 days. They were the first to assign months and days to a deity also the first to foretell a person's character by their birth date. Herodotus with a sense of surprise said, that the Egyptians seem to have reversed ordinary practices, women go to market and are employed while some men stay at home weaving, and the Egyptian, when writing or calculating instead of going from left to right, they go from right to left. He says in his writings also that the Egyptians and Ethiopians was the first people to practice circumcision and was done for cleanliness not for religious beliefs, and others followed because of their interrelationship with them.
  Herodotus also travel in, and wrote about the people of Babylonia, Central Asia and Europe but had a high regard for the people of Egypt, who he claimed were black Africans. Herodotus died in 425 B.C.
  For more info. on Egypt, Read the book Histories, bk. two by Herodotus,  Found at
many fine book stores .
 
Written by ALSC,
African Studies Dept.
 

 
 

Biography of HATSHEPSUT ( Chieftain of Noble Women Taken from ALSC Calendar

    Amose, Mother of MA'Atkare, had full support of the Amon ( Amen ) priesthood to rule Kemit ( Egypt ), Amose and the priests knew of the titles she inherited from her strong female ancestors.
One ancestor of Amose was Tetisheri she was honored for being the spark that help began the revolution to push the Hyksos out of Kemit. The Hyksos ( shepherd kings ) took over the north ( lower Kemit ) by overpowering the Kemitic army and was beginning a campaign to control the south (upper Kemit) by trying to dictate policy over them but Tetisheri as Dowager - Queen ( great royal mother ) and prime advisor to her son king Sekenenre Ta'o II, was not going to let the Hyksos take the south. So she got together what remained of the Kemitic army and with help from their Nubian neighbors push the Hyksos invading army out and brought Hotep (peace) back to the two lands of Kemit.
Amose with the right of ruler ship that was handed down by her great Ancestors yield that right to her husbands Thutmose I, Thutmose I served as a soldier in the military of Kemit and gained recognition as a great commander and military genius.
Thutmose I and Ahmose together had six children, MA'Atkare the only child to reach adulthood was look upon to be the next heir to the throne after Thutmose I her father. She was taught by the Amon ( Amen ) priest, Math, Science, Linguistics, how to keep and make Allies with others nations and learned about her families victory over the Hyksos.  After the death of Thutmose I, Thutmose II, son of Thutmose I and one of his other wives, was married to MA'Atkare.  Thutmose II was chosen because it was known that he would not challenge her right to rule, and would take a secondary role as king. Before they were married MA'Atkare was given the crown name of HATSHEPSUT, whichin the kemitic language meansChieftain of - Noble Women .
   MA'Atkare as Hatshepsut had to have demonstrated great leadership qualities in order to secure this position, because Thutmose II, by marriage had sole power to govern.  After the death of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut went on to rule for twenty one more years. Thutmose II did have a son by another wife, but he was too young to rule. Hatshepsut continued to rule over Kemit with the support of her advisory board that consisted of Amun ( Amen ) priests. The priests helped to secure governmental control, these priests were also Architects, Treasurers, Military Leaders etc.  The priesthood consisted of all men but they supported Hatshepsut and her wearing of kings clothing down to her wearing a false braided beard and carrying title like, The living Heru (Horus) of the North and South, "Son of the Sun", Chief Spouse of Amen, The Mighty One.  She had taken all title except, "Mighty Bull of MAAT" which implied male fertility.
  Hatshepsut leadership efforts went to maintaining domestic peace but she did have her small group in the government that opposed her ruler ship, for a more imperialistic one.  One group was the shemau, an African term for Semitic speaking people from the area of Palestine. This group refuse to continue their work obligations to the government ( maybe because they felt that a female should not run the government of Kemit ) This group felt that Hatshepsut would never gain true ruler ship, but when she became " Living Heru", ( Pharaoh) she had total rule over Kemit and oppressed the shemau for their non - support.  In time the shemau fled out of Kemit, not finishing their obligation to the government.  Hatshepsut sent the Kemitic army after them but she picks a bad time for pursuit.  Egyptologist Hans Goedicke, theorized that during Hatshepsut reign the volcano on Thera erupted and caused a tidal wave, which rolled across the Mediterranean, and drowned a large number of the Kemitic army along with some shemaus who did not make it out of it's path. This highly unusual incident could had just been a natural happening and not god order.  The incident was used by Thutmose III the son of Thutmose II, who was too young to rule, but in time grew to be able to begin a campaign for Hatshepsut to be oust from power.  Thutmose III knew that he had the right to rule, and along with some Amen priests who were not supportive of a women ruler, plotted to dethrone Hatshepsut and after her dethronement defaced all monuments that reflected her ruler ship of Kemit.
  Information on Hatshepsut was summarized from the book Black Women in Antiquity, by Ivan Van Sertima. Found at your local African book. Stores.
Summarized by ALSC,
African Studies Dept.
 
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